Disability in AfghanistanDisability in Afghanistan:
Due to the 4 decades of the War and increased insurgents attacks on civilians in Afghanistan have left victims’ families living with permanent impairments disabilities and survivors in dire need of financial, medical, and psychosocial support, according to the present situation reports from various sources. The Afghan government, International communities and Human rights groups should ensure programs to assist victims of 40 decades of War and International Terrorism.
Approximately 10.8% of the population in Afghanistan is living with a severe disability. Disability specialists have noted that this figure is estimated to be low due to the high mortality rate in Afghanistan from poor care and extreme poverty. They hypothesize that if access to quality care was improved, the rate of disability would be higher as more Persons with Disabilities would survive.
- Approximately 10.8% of the population in Afghanistan is living with a severe disability. Disability specialists have noted that this figure is estimated to be low due to the high mortality rate in Afghanistan from poor care and extreme poverty. They hypothesize that if access to quality care was improved, the rate of disability would be higher as more Persons with Disabilities would survive.
- 90% of Afghan Population lives more than 100km from a physical rehabilitation centre and 20 out 34 provinces do not have Prostheses and Outhouses facilities.
- Lack of access to adequate skilled care can leave persons with disabilities confined to their homes for weeks, months or years, with conditions that could be addressed or alleviated with appropriate interventions.
Persons with disabilities of Afghanistan is the most marginalized and excluded groups in the country experiencing widespread violations of their rights dignity as neglected population because of the decades conflicts and progressive war conflicts.
Disability and Employment:
There are around 3 million people living with various types of disability and half of them are in the working-age, but only limited number of these people has some kind of employment opportunities, while the majority of people with disabilities do not have access to job and employment in the present situation in Afghanistan.
Around (103,000) people with disabilities are registered with the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs Martyrs and Disabled (MoLSAMD) where they receive a monthly welfare stipend of 300-5,000 Afs. (Approximately 80 USD/per month) per head as social security or pension allowance but this pension fund is discriminative those, who are war victims they are eligible but those who are birth defects such as polio, or inadequate medical impairs are not entitled in the disability pension by the Afghan government of the disability commission.
Around 24.3% persons of the Afghan population living in some sorts of disabilities according to the Asia Foundation report of 2015.
This figure is increasing through none-stopping of War, population growth, inadequate medical services and the ageing process, says WHO/UNICEF.
Around 95% of Persons with disabilities in Afghanistan living in extreme poverty.
Disability rates are significantly higher among groups with lower educational attainment in Afghanistan
Women and girls with disabilities are the particularly treat as disregard family member in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan government has 3% of employment quota for persons with disabilities but so far 0.5 has not received employment accordingly.
Women with disabilities are recognized to be multiply disadvantaged living in sever extreme poverty on account of their gender and their disabilities.
95% of children in the early age with disabilities have no access to education.